Fabrication Steel Process Method Explained in Details

Fabrication Steel Process Method Explained in Details

Steel fabrication involves the cutting, shaping, and bending of steel alloy to make a product. Steel fabrication is different from other types of welding, which involves items being strengthened or repaired. Instead of taking many pieces of metal and attaching them to form a predetermined shape and size, it takes several pieces. This requires the skills of a skilled technician with experience in taking raw parts and turning them into marketable products. There is usually very little room for error. Steel fabrication is used in industrial facilities to produce everything from household appliances to vehicular parts.

A galvanized steel bucket.

The steel fabrication industry requires that a machinist first determine the original form of the raw material. This could be in the form of a flat or pre-shaped plate, channels, pipes, or other forms. The appropriate metal fabrication process can then be done using heat, pressure, and electricity, depending on the circumstances. A large portion of this labor-intensive and hot work is done using the raw material approach to steel cutting and welding. However, a smaller fraction of it is accomplished by the more efficient Electric Arc Furnace. Both of these processes use the same process: first, they melt the metals at very high temperatures.

Fabricators are responsible for joining different parts together to create a strong structure.

The next step for the steel fabricators in melbourne is to determine the shape of the steel after it has been processed. This outcome is governed by two factors: the software package and the equipment in the machine shop. Most metal fabrication companies use cutting-edge technology to monitor the operation and keep the process running smoothly. The equipment used to fabricate steel is equally important. Most companies use laser steel-cutting machines to achieve a smooth edge and superior accuracy. Steel fabrication may include galvanizing, sandblasting, painting, and other processes.

Ladders can be made from steel-fabricated beams.

You can see the results of labor in a fabrication business through the form of strong steel frames, cutwork grills and decorative motifs. These have many commercial and industrial uses. Hand-rails, ladders and supports for pipes are all made from steel fabricated beams. Steel fabrication is a strong, durable material that makes the world more comfortable.

A good metal fabricator will follow a specific process to create structural steel beams, components or equipment.

Step 1: Ideation

The ideation stage is as flexible or standard-based as the client wants. Partnering with a custom steel fabricator allows you to create unique pieces for your project. A custom fabricator can create beautiful, handcrafted ornamental rails and simple caged ladders to meet your needs.

Steel fabrication process explained in detail

Step 2: Drawing/Blueprint Creation

Your vendor will listen to your ideas and create blueprints with specialized engineering software. This stage can be completed with your own drawings or blueprints. To verify that your specifications and code conformance are correct, review the blueprints of your vendor.

Step 3: Convert blueprints into shop drawings

To complete your order, your vendor will convert the project blueprints into shop drawing. Shop drawings and plans will be created to meet the requirements of your project. The manufacturer uses shop drawings to create the blueprints.

Step 4: Cut and drill steel beams

Special tools such as shears and lasers, punches and notches and plasmas will be available to the vendor to cut and drill steel beams in accordance with project blueprints. Swanton Welding, Inc uses the Ficep 1003DDVD VanGuard Drill Line to complete this stage. This equipment is more efficient and produces better results faster.

Step 5: Piece Etching

Your vendor will etch each piece with a unique part # and the plate location. Final assembly is quick, simple, and precise, eliminating costly mix-ups or project delays.

Step 6: Component Assembly

After your vendor has completed cutting and forming your components, the team will join the pieces and weld them together. The fabrication team will inspect the pieces to ensure they are assembled correctly and meet your order specifications.

Step 7: Custom part machining

Your vendor can create custom parts if you ask for custom metal fabrication. Custom parts are the best option when you require components that fit into a particular product or structure. If standard dimensions or looks don’t suit your project’s needs, or if they aren’t functional or aesthetically pleasing, you may need to machinate custom parts.

Step 8: Complete Assembly

If possible, your vendor will complete the full assembly of your project. Sometimes partial assembly is possible. A complete assembly is required to ensure that all components are functional and present. These changes are rare and occur only if there was a mistake in an earlier step.

Step 9: Preparation for Shipping

The team will complete the assembly and then disassemble the project to prepare the components for finishing or direct shipment. This should be done quickly and efficiently by your vendor.

Step 10: Finishing the Component

Your vendor will apply any special paints, powder coats, sandblasting or other finishes you have requested. For industrial assemblies, a specific finish is required to meet compliance codes and federal regulations. The latest technology should be available to your vendor so that you can apply the finish of choice with ease. Swanton Welding, Inc has a high-tech paint booth and a powder coater that will get the job done.

Step 11: Ship the Project to Site

Your project is now complete. Your vendor will then follow the previously agreed shipping arrangements and send your complete, disassembled components directly at your location. Tracking details are required to ensure that your project arrives on-time.

Step 12: Construction of the Final Project

Your build team will erect the final project once the components have arrived. With prefabricated components, assembly will be easy thanks to your vendor.

Metal Fabrication and Welding – How it Works

Metal is the foundation of major industries and cities. It is bent, forged, and manipulated to the required strengths and dimensions. You can’t travel anywhere without seeing it. For various industrial and commercial applications, the experts at can provide welding and metal fabrication services.

Details of the fabrication steel process

The Process

Preparing steel for welding or metal fabrication starts with cutting. This can be done by shearing, sawing, laser, plasma cutting or shearing. Wisconsin Metal Fab, LLC uses band saws, CNC Shears, precision laser and plasma cutting table. The material must first be pressed braked or rolled for the material to be formed. Programming software allows for precise and repeatable cutting and bending. The fine-cut pieces can be combined using hardware, welding, riveting, and hardware to create an assembly. This is often called a weldment.

Since the first blacksmiths joined two pieces iron together in their forges, welding has been an integral part of metal fabrication. Although the process has become more efficient, more automated and more efficient, it is still evolving and changing. There are many welding methods and standards. It’s up to us as leaders in metal fabrication to stay on top of this changing environment and provide the best product for you.

Metal fabrication is an important segment of the country’s manufacturing industry. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, it involves many processes such as the smelting, refinement, and manufacturing of metal alloys and superalloys. These metals can then be used to create castings and other metal products. Metal fabrication can be done in many ways. We’ll explore some of them.


Metal fabrication companies use specialized tools such as oxy-fuel or plasma torches to cut metal. Plasma torch is particularly useful for cutting metal because it can heat up to 45,000 degrees on some models. Plasma torches can be dangerous, but it is not always true. Because the “arc” at these extreme temperatures is so small, there is little chance that you could accidentally touch it.

Other methods of cutting metal include shearing, chiseling and sawing.


Fabrication companies use a variety of tools to bend metal. These include powered or manual hammers, press brakes, and other related tools. Press brakes can be used to air-bend or coin metal sheets into the desired form. This allows for a more precise bend. After the metal has been secured to a flat surface, it can be lifted and bent at the correct angle. They can bend metal up to 90 degrees making them extremely useful in fabrication.


Many ways to assemble metal, but welding is the most popular. You can also use adhesives to bind the metal, or rivet it using threaded fasteners.


Fabrication companies often shrink metal. Tucking is the most common method by which fabrication companies shrink metal. Tucking is the oldest method of shrinking metal. It involves pressing the metal into a crack using a hammer or folding it with a fork. Automakers have used tucking to create some of the most iconic sports cars.

Another method of shrinking metal is to use a lever-operated tool called a shrinker. This tool’s jaws grab metal from both sides and squeeze it together. This tool is more precise than tucking but takes more time.

Heat shrinking is the third method of shrinking metal. It involves heating a sheet of metal with a torch, and then waiting for it cool down. The metal will shrink as it cools.

What is metal fabrication? And where is it headed?

Metal fabrication refers to the construction of machines and structures using raw metal materials. This involves cutting, welding, machining and forming to produce the final product.

All metal fabrication projects can be found, from hand railings to heavy machinery and equipment. There are several subsectors: cutlery, hand tools, architectural and structural metals, hardware manufacturing, spring and wire manufacturing, screw, nut and bolt manufacturing, forging and stamping.

Details of the fabrication steel process

Metal fabrication shops can centralise many of the processes that often need to be done in parallel through several vendors. Contractors can work with one shop to fabricate metal parts and not deal with multiple vendors.

How is Metal Fabrication performed?

The metal fabrication industry is used in many industries and products. You can use standard raw materials like plate metal, fittings and castings, formed, expanded, flat, and welding metal.

Many different professionals are employed by shops, such as welders and ironworkers, blacksmiths and boilermakers, who work with these raw materials to create their final products.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that metal fabrication employs approximately 1.425 millions workers. They include first-line supervisors and managers, punch machine and cutting operators, press machine setters, press operator, team assemblers, machinists, welders and cutters, and solderers.

Sector characteristics

The economy drives demand, so the success of the metal fabrication sector depends on economic growth. Metal fabrication has become a vibrant and profitable industry since the recovery from the last recession. The current adjustments include the shift from relying on large projects to keep a profit to diversifying and following previous years’ success to maintain steady sales volumes.

Metal fabrication companies work principally to strengthen their strategy and make it more resilient to changes in the global economic environment. These boosts can cause people to spend more on big-ticket items like houses, boats, cars, and boats when the local economy is strong. As the population grows, so does new construction, which requires additional commercial and agricultural machinery.

Metal fabrication is highly cyclical. It depends on other industries like auto, aerospace and construction. The market and economic factors that affect each sector will impact the earnings. Investors should look at the specific customer base they serve and the economic factors that affect them in any given year.

Metal fabricators can begin to make predictions by studying significant statistics in their business area. This could be home construction, energy, or any other sector. The industry’s cyclical nature can be managed better by diversifying its customer base and attracting customers from different sectors.

Metal fabricators who can rapidly shift product lines can help protect profits and concentrate on the most in demand areas. This kind of diversification can help create a stable revenue base regardless of economic conditions.

Future Vision

Industry is trying to find ways to support the ever-changing economic environment by balancing capacity and variability. The ability to maintain constant capital and profit levels increases as machinery gets more complex.

Forecasting is difficult when a company depends on its customers’ economic fortune. However, there is general agreement that those who can keep up with changing demand while maintaining high output capacity will be able to maximize their profits.

Capital is a must

Metal fabrication shops need capital to adjust production quickly and satisfy the needs of diverse customers. This is essential for their profitability. In a boom economy, it is easy to cover costs. But when the economy is struggling, the industry will need to make cuts and decrease variable costs. This will naturally reduce the number of customers the shop can serve at any given moment. These companies must be able to make modern investments to ensure that they can maintain variable output. This is key to customer diversification.

Fabricators can protect their investments by combining efforts to diversify their customer base and economic vigilance with an eye on competitor prices and making sure the entire manufacturing process runs smoothly from top to bottom.

Metal fabrication is a solid investment that relies on customer demand. It can be hard to pinpoint this lucrative target as many shops struggle to focus their capital and efforts on the highest profit sectors.

Market volatility has forced the industry to streamline its production processes and focus on high-capacity output that can be reliably produced for many different customer requests.

Metal fabricating shops with the ability to optimize their manufacturing processes and operate machinery will be the leaders in the industry, along with stakeholders who can pay close attention both to the economic trends and competing costs.

Details of the fabrication steel process


Customers often ask us about the various types of steel we offer and what to look out for when choosing steel grades, shapes, and sizes. There are many ways to categorize Steel, but we find it helpful to break down the different types into four categories: Carbon, Alloys, Stainless, and Tool Steel. This blog series consists of four parts. Part 2, Part 3 and Part 4 will take a detailed look at the most popular types of steel, their differences, and what you should consider when choosing the right type.

There are 4 types of steel

The American Iron & Steel Institute (AISI) says that Steel can be divided into four basic groups based upon its chemical compositions.

Carbon Steel

Alloy Steel

Stainless Steel

Tool Steel

Many different steel grades offer different properties. These properties can be either physical, chemical, or environmental.

All steel is made of iron and carbon. The properties of each grade are determined by the carbon content and any additional alloys.


You can also classify types of steel by different factors.

Composition: Alloy, Carbon, Stainless.

Production methods: Continuous cast, Electric furnace, Etc.

Methods of finishing: Cold Rolled (Hot Rolled), Cold Drawn, Cold Drawn, Etc.

Form or shape: Bars, rods, tubes, pipes, plates, sheets, structural, etc.

The De-oxidation (oxygen taken out of steelmaking process): Killed & Semi Killed Steel, Etc.

Microstructure: Ferritic, Pearlitic, Martensitic, Etc.

ASTM Standards: Physical Strength

Heat Treatment: Annealed, Quenched & Tempered, Etc.

Quality Nomenclature: Drawing Quality, Commercial Quality, Pressure Vessel Quality, Etc.

Steel Numbering Systems

The steel industry uses two main numbering systems. One is developed by American Iron & Steel Institute (AISI) and one by Society of Automotive Engineers. These systems use four-digit codes numbers to identify the base carbon and alloy steels. You can choose from a variety of alloys with five-digit codes.

The first digit of this designation is a one (1). This indicates that it’s a carbon steel. According to both the SAE and AISI systems, all carbon steels fall within this group (1xxx). Due to their particular underlying properties, they are sub-categorized into four categories. Below:

Plain Carbon Steel is included in the 10xx series (containing maximum 1.00% Mn).

The 11xx series includes Re-Sulfurized carbon steel.

The 12xx series includes Re-Sulfurized Carbon Steel and Re-Phosphorized Carbon Steel

The 15xx series includes non-re-sulfurized high-manganese (up to 1.65%) carbon-steel.

The following classifications are made of the first digit of all other alloy steels, according to the SAE-AISI method:

2 = Nickel steels.

3 = Nickel-chromium steels.

4 = Molybdenum and Molybdenum steels.

5 = Chromium steels.

6 = Chromium-vanadium steels.

7 = Tungsten-chromium steels.

8 = Nickel-chromium-molybdenum steels

9 = Silicon-manganese and other SAE grades

The concentration of the major elements in percentiles (1 equals 1 is sometimes indicated by the second digit of the series, but not always).

The last two digits indicate the series’s carbon concentration at 0.01%.

SAE 5130, for example, is a chromium-alloy steel that contains about 1% chromium but approximately 0.30% carbon.

Carbon Steel

Carbon steel can be divided into low carbon steel, medium carbon steel, and high carbon steel.

Low Carbon Steel (also known as Mild Steel): These steels typically contain 0.04% and 0.30% carbon. This is the largest group of Carbon Steel. This group includes a wide range of shapes, from flat sheet to structural beam. Other elements can be added or removed depending on the properties desired. For instance, Drawing Quality (DQ), the carbon level is low and aluminum is added. Structural Steel has a higher carbon level and a greater manganese content.

Details about the fabrication steel process

Medium carbon steel: This type of steel has a range of carbon from 0.31% up to 0.60% and a manganese level ranging between.060% and 1.65%. This steel is stronger than low-carbon steel and is harder to form, weld, and cut. Most medium carbon steels can be hardened and tempered with heat treatment.

High Carbon Steel: Also known as “carbon-tool steel”, it has a range of carbon values between 0.61% to 1.50%. High carbon steel can be difficult to cut, bend, and weld. It becomes very hard and brittle once it has been heat treated.

This is Part 1 of a series of four articles on different types of steel. To learn more about alloy steel grades and their attributes, read Part 2.